Processional cross

DATE:
probably 10th–12th century
MATERIAL AND TECHNIQUE:
Brass alloy, cast
CLASSIFICATION:
Sculpture
DIMENSIONS:
9 1/8 × 3 7/8 × 1 1/4 in. (23.18 × 9.84 × 3.18 cm)
DEPARTMENT:
Arts of Africa
LOCATION:
Not On View
CREDIT LINE:
Dallas Museum of Art, gift of Dr. Hebe Redden and Dr. Kenneth Redden
COPYRIGHT:
Image courtesy Dallas Museum of Art
OBJECT NUMBER:
1991.352.44

General Description

Processional crosses have been in use in Ethiopia since at least the 12th century. Although this cross originated in Ethiopia, along with numerous other examples in the Dallas Museum of Art's collection, it does not appear to be Ethiopian but Byzantine. According to recent investigations, it may be attributed to a period between the 10th and 12th centuries. Traces of Byzantine influences can be seen in Ethiopian art of the 14th century, but there is little evidence of such influences in art of the previous centuries.

Drawn from

  • Jacopo Gnisci, "Crosses from Ethiopia at the Dallas Museum of Art: An Overview," African Arts 51, no. 4_ _(Winter 2018): 48–55.

  • Roslyn A. Walker, The Arts of Africa at the Dallas Museum of Art (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2009), 264-266.

Web Resources

  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    Read more about Ethiopian processional crosses.

  • YouTube (Associated Press Archive)
    See processional crosses in use during Timkat (Epiphany) celebrations in Gondor, Ethiopia.