c. 1675
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General Description

Extensive use of tortoise shell decoration on frames, boxes, and cabinets was one result of the world-wide sea trade of Spain and the Spanish Netherlands (Flanders). Here a sumptuous effect is achieved simply by contrasting the buffed tortoise shell hearts and sausage shapes with the rippled, ebonized wood moldings. Frame makers often used colored papers or metallic foil behind the shell or tinted it, as here, to enrich its color.

Excerpt from

Dallas Museum of Art, The Wendy and Emery Reves Collection (Dallas, Texas: Dallas Museum of Art, 1985), 171.