William C. Codman ( British, 1839 - 1921 )
Frederick Beckwith ( American, 1860 - 1930 )
Gorham Manufacturing Company ( American, 1831 )
At the 1900 Paris World’s Fair, Gorham Manufacturing Company introduced a limited production line of handwrought wares named Martelé, the French word for "hammered." In the spirit of the British Arts and Crafts movement, each Martelé design was raised, chased, and finished by hand, processes evident in conspicuous hammer marks. While Gorham utilized methods of production based on 19th-century precepts, it rejected styles of the past in favor of a fashion that evoked the new century: Art Nouveau. Chief Designer William C. Codman and other designers applied Art Nouveau details, such as exuberant handles and everted feet and lips with undulating edges, and decorations, such as organic ornament, to traditional forms at once progressive, yet palatable to conservative American consumers.
This Martelé bowl was chased by Frederick Beckwith, one of Gorham's best chasers, who regularly received wage increases as a result of his superior skills. The result of approximately seventy hours of labor, it cost $112 to produce, suggesting a retail price of around $224.
Charles L. Venable, Silver in America, 1840-1940: A Century of Splendor (Dallas, Texas: Dallas Museum of Art; New York, New York; Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1994), 251-258.
DMA unpublished material.
Samuel J. Hough, "Report on Gorham Martelé Bowl HDR" (undated, in Collections Records Object File)
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