- Inca (Inka)
Miniature human and animal figurines were often deposited as offerings, which sometimes accompanied human burials or sacrifices. The figurines were composed of high-value silver, gold, or Spondylus shell. Examples found archaeologically are associated with sacrifices of male and female juveniles, a ritual known as capacocha (qhapac hucha). At high-altitude sites, the preserved remains of juveniles have been found accompanied by figurines. The female hair is often tied behind the back while the males bear distinguishing headdresses. This male figure wears a distinctive headdress and also exhibits a bulge in the right cheek, which suggests the chewing of a coca quid. The figurines are clothed in miniature elite Inca textiles, such as feather headdresses, mantles, and dresses with miniature metal pins (tupu). The small-scale clothing may closely parallel that worn by the juveniles themselves.
Kimberly L. Jones, PhD, Inca: Conquests of the Andes / Los Incas y las conquistas de los Andes, Label text [1982.393.FA; 1983.632; 1983.633; 1983.634; 1983.635; 1983.636; 1989.W.2483], 2015.