Goblet with "Avarice" pattern decoration from the "Seven Deadly Sins" series
Sidney Waugh ( American, 1904 - 1963 )
Steuben Glass Works ( American, 1903 )
Founded in 1903 by the English glass maker Frederick Carder, Steuben Glass Works's original product consisted of highly ornate and vividly colored glass. However, in 1933 under economic pressures generated by the Great Depression the firm was reorganized and its product line restyled. With advice from Walter Dorwin Teague and the collaboration of the designer Sidney Waugh, Steuben ceased production of colored glass completely. Following the lead of Scandinavian glasshouses such as Orrefors, Steuben introduced a line of clear crystal using heavy bodies and modernist ornament. By 1947 when these goblets were created, Steuben was not only the United States's most prominent producer of luxury glass, but was world famous for the high quality of its products. This set of goblets is not only interesting because of the high quality of the engraving and blowing, but also for the gender-specific nature of the ornament. Entitled "The Seven Deadly Sins," this series of goblets depicts figures engaged in the sins of lust, gluttony, sloth, avarice, envy, pride, and anger. While objects depicting such acts would never have been considered appropriate for presentation to a female, they were felt to be both witty and beautiful gifts for a male, in this case Stanley Marcus.