"LCW" chair (Low Chair Wood)
Charles Eames ( American, 1907 - 1978 )
Ray Eames ( American, 1916 - 1988 )
Herman Miller, Inc. ( American, 1923 )
- designed 1946
Herman Miller Inc.'s LCW chair was designed by Charles and Bernice Alexandra “Ray” Eames, a husband and wife team who collaborated on design, architecture, and film projects from the 1940s through the 1970s. Characterized by Eames trademarks of affordability, practicality, simplicity, and formal elegance, it fully exploits the aesthetic and functional capabilities of plywood. Plywood is an engineered wood composed of thin layers or "plies" of wood veneer laminated with glue, with the grain of adjacent layers running perpendicularly in order to increase strength. In 1941, Charles Eames invented the Kazam! Machine, which molds plywood with heat and pressure, and applied the technology first to the production of airplane parts and leg splints for World War II and later to the manufacture of furniture for the mass market. The shape and arrangement of the pieces of molded walnut plywood that compose this chair were determined in accordance with the principles of ergonomics, the study of the interaction between humans and objects.
DMA unpublished material.
LCW stands for Low Chair Wood, which reflects its appearance, construction, and function. Most of the Eames’ furniture designs were named using this acronym system. For example, they named a metal dining chair DCM for Dining Chair Metal and a dining chair made of wood DCW for Dining Chair Wood.