c. 1725-1775
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General Description

This candlestick is part of a well known group featuring raised and fluted bases, ribbed mid-sections, and fluted sockets. Sticks of this type are believed to have been made in Normandy. This part of France was one of the most important glass-producing areas of the country. In 1605, a monopoly on glassmaking in Normandy and on importation of glass into the region was given to Francois Garsonnet, who established a glasshouse in Rouen. Although he was of French birth, Garsonnet, like many of his rivals throughout France, relied on Italian workmen to produce glass. Craftsmen trained in Venice and Altare were vital to the success of the French industry well into the 18th century.

By 1665, the monopoly on glass in Normandy ceased, and the Rouen concern faced competition from outside. Nevertheless, it continued to operate until the early 19th century.

Adapted from

Dallas Museum of Art, Decorative Arts Highlights from the Wendy and Emery Reves Collection (Dallas, Texas: Dallas Museum of Art, 1995), 77.