Durga

DATE:
c. 10th century
MATERIAL AND TECHNIQUE:
Sandstone
CLASSIFICATION:
Sculpture
DIMENSIONS:
Overall: 31 1/2 x 27 5/8 x 7 in. (80.01 x 70.17 x 17.78 cm)
DEPARTMENT:
Arts of Asia
LOCATION:
306 HINDU GALLERY
CREDIT LINE:
Dallas Museum of Art, gift of the Junior Associates
COPYRIGHT:
Image courtesy Dallas Museum of Art
OBJECT NUMBER:
2003.7.2

General Description

The goddess Durga is a warlike form of the Great Goddess. Durga is probably represented here in her form as Bhadrakali, a benevolent form of the goddess Kali, whose name means "time" and is therefore associated with death, change, and destruction. In the best‑known story about Durga, she destroys a buffalo demon, and in a dance celebrating her victory she rages out of control, shaking the worlds. Her husband, Shiva, lies down beneath her feet to absorb the impact of her dance. Upon realizing she is trampling her husband, Durga comes to her senses and restores peace.

Adapted from

  • "Durga," in_ Dallas Museum of Art: A Guide to the Collection,_ ed. Bonnie Pitman (Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art; New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2012), 100.

  • Frederick M. Asher, "Durga," in The Arts of India, South East Asia, and the Himalayas, Anne R. Bromberg (Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art; New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013), 83.

Related Multimedia

Collections smARTphone video; Bromberg, Anne R. discusses Durga, Hindu Mother Goddess, sculpture from India (DMA Collection, 2003.7.2)
Collections smartphone audio for Shiva Nataraja, 2000.377 (DMA Collection); Vishnu as Varaha, 2002.25; Image of Durga, 2003.7.2