"Constellation" shape creamer
Viktor Schreckengost ( American, 1906 - 2008 )
Salem China Company ( American, 1898 )
- designed c. 1952
Constellation shape tableware, designed by Viktor Schreckengost and manufactured by Salem China Company, combined round and square shapes and juxtaposed off-white and charcoal grey tones. In a 1953 press release, Salem China Company president Harrison Keller stated: “In our new Constellation line we have high style in color contrast which makes the service at home in any setting -- formal or informal.” The Constellation shape was available with numerous surface patterns, including the traditional Shaker Brown Lime and abstract Jackstraw (both ca. 1952-53). The unidentified pattern featuring a rooster as an accent on some pieces was made for Sears, Roebuck & Co. and marketed under the store's Harmony House brand name. When the shape was introduced, Salem called the two-tone glaze effect a "'day and night art texture." The versatile line was available from open stock, enabling consumers to purchase individual pieces or a complete set.
Jo Cunningham, Viktor Schreckengost: Designs in Dinnerware (Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 2006), 104.
Charles L. Venable, Ellen P. Denker, Katherine C. Grier, Stephen G. Harrison, China and Glass in America, 1880-1980: From Tabletop to TV Tray (New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2000), (cat. 33), 427.