"Sanction of the Museum"
Daniel Buren ( French, 1938 )
Daniel Buren began using stripes in the mid-1960s as a way of voiding his work of all representational or expressive references. The stripes, each painted to be exactly 8.7 centimeters wide, were created to mimic the stripes on commercial awnings. Initially painting them, he eventually began purchasing readymade striped fabrics in order to further eliminate his artistic hand and achieve “degree-zero”—paintings fully void of any illusion or intrinsic value. Buren recognized that if a painting itself has no intrinsic value, then its value and meaning as an object are derived entirely by its location and context. Thus placing his striped works in a gallery or museum served to reveal the structures of art, pointing to the institutional function of the exhibition space in dictating what constitutes a work of art.
- Anna Katherine Brodbeck, ed., TWO X TWO X TWENTY: Two Decades Supporting Contemporary Art at the Dallas Museum of Art (Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art), 2018, 206.