Cultures & Traditions

The Influence of India in Southeast Asia: Java and Bali

The islands of Java and Bali in Indonesia absorbed religious and artistic influences from India. Merchants and missionaries brought Indian culture to this area from the 3rd century A.D. onward. The arts of the kingdoms of central and eastern Java between the 8th and early 16th centuries represent a complex mixture of native tastes and the influence of both Buddhist and Hindu art from India. Vishnu and Shiva were major deities, and there are significant Hindu temples in central Java. One of the masterpieces of Javanese, indeed world, art and architecture is the great Buddhist temple complex of Borobodur.

Adapted from

Anne Bromberg, The Arts of India, South East Asia, and the Himalayas (Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art; New Have: Yale University Press, 2013), 205.

Web Resources

  • UNESCO
    Learn more about Borobodur Temple Compounds in Java