Cultures & Traditions


The Cupisnique culture flourished from ca. 1000 to 200 BCE along what is now Peru's Pacific Coast, with its cultural center in a small, dry valley north of the Chicama Valley, Peru. Cupisnique had a distinctive style of adobe clay architecture, but shared artistic styles and religious symbols with Chavín (Chavín de Huántar). Although, the Chavín culture arose in the same geographic area at a later date, the relationship between Chavin and Cupisnique is not fully understood, and the names are sometimes used interchangeably.

Adapted from

George Bankes, "Cupisnique," Grove Art Online, Oxford Art Online (Oxford University Press), accessed December 19, 2014,