Artists & Designers

Donald Judd (1928-1994)

Donald Judd became a seminal force in sculpture in the early 1960s with a group of floor-based structures that eliminated ambiguity and ornamentation in favor of essential geometries and the straightforward presentation of color, materials, and shape. Pared down to elemental, geometric forms, they were seen at the time as the culmination of the modernist reduction of each medium to its essential characteristics. In retrospect, the formal developments in Judd's work can be seen as reflecting his conviction that art has an ethical responsibility to accord with the limits of what can be empirically known to be true. Along with Dan Flavin, Frank Stella, Carl Andre, and Robert Morris, these artists were using industrial materials to make works largely fabricated by others, so were therefore synonymous with Minimalism, although Judd rejected this classification.

In the 1970s, Judd set out to create a self-contained working, living, and exhibition complex in Marfa, Texas. He renovated existing buildings and erected new ones. He created his own furniture, gardens, pools, and exhibition spaces in which to permanently install his own work and that of other artists.

Adapted from

DMA unpublished material, 1989.

Web Resources

Donald Judd Foundation
Read a Donald Judd biography and explore the Donald Judd Foundation website.