Cultures & Traditions

Cranial Deformation

An elongated forehead is often a sign of cranial deformation, in which head flattening or binding intentionally alters the shape of the skull. This was a form of ritual beautification common among Mesoamerican and native Andean peoples.

Adapted from

  • Bonnie Pitman, ed., "Seated figure with upraised knee (1983.50)," in Dallas Museum of Art: A Guide to the Collection (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2012), 37.

  • Carol Robbins, "Seated figure with upraised knee (1983.50)," in Dallas Museum of Art: A Guide to the Collection, ed. Suzanne Kotz (Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art, 1997), 183.

  • Carol Robbins, Label text [1983.50], A. H. Meadows Galleries, 2010.

  • Carol Robbins, Label text [1968.20], A. H. Meadows Galleries, 2010.