In Egyptian society, the king was viewed as a link between the world of humans and the world of the gods. During the New Kingdom period in Egyptian history (1570-1085 B.C.), the kings of ancient Egypt came to be called pharaohs. The word “pharaoh” is a title of respect, which means "great house," referring to the royal palace. Pharaohs were believed to be both mortal and divine, and they were endowed with great spiritual powers. The pharaoh was responsible for the establishment and maintenance of maat (truth, justice, and order in the universe) and often struggled with elements of chaos threatening Egypt’s stability.

Adapted from

"Head and upper torso of Seti I," DMA Connect, Dallas Museum of Art.