Materials & Techniques


Thangkas are portable Tibetan religious paintings, which may be unrolled and displayed in monasteries or other religious contexts. They are painted in gouache on cotton backgrounds, with colors generally filling in patterns from stenciled underdrawings. Some thangkas are produced on a monumental scale, meant for outdoor display and veneration at major festivals. Thangkas are believed to be inhabited by the deities represented, as are consecrated Buddhist and Hindu religious sculptures.

Excerpt from

Anne R. Bromberg, The Arts of India, South East Asia, and the Himalayas (Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art; New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013), 180.

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