Materials & Techniques
Marquetry refers to the technique in which small pieces of specially shaped wood, or sometimes other materials such as ivory, are incorporated into a suface of decorative veneer. Distinguished from "inlay," where decorative pieces are set into a solid ground, in marquetry, the entire surface is veneered.
Getty Vocabulary, AAT (marquetry (surface covering process and technique): AAT: 300053853)
Watch a video from the Getty Museum demonstrating this technique.