Artists & Designers
Robert Venturi (b. 1925) and Denise Scott Brown (b. 1931)
Through their pioneering theory and provocative built work, husband and wife duo Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown were at the forefront of the postmodern movement, leading the charge in one of the most significant shifts in architecture of the 20th century by publishing seminal books such as Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture (authored by Robert Venturi alone) and Learning from Las Vegas (co-authored by Venturi, Scott Brown and Steven Izenour).
Born in Philadelphia and Northern Rhodesia (modern day Zambia) respectively, Venturi and Scott Brown met while they were both teaching at the University of Pennsylvania in 1960. They married in 1967, and in 1969 Scott Brown joined Venturi's firm - then named Venturi and Raunch - as partner in charge of planning. The firm rebranded in 1980 to include Scott Brown's name, and then again in 1989 when partner John Rauch resigned, then forming Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates.
In their theoretical writings, Venturi and Scott Brown were critical of the Modernist doctrine that at the time dominated architecture. In his 1966 book Complexity and Contradiction, Venturi argued for a more eclectic architecture which used more historic references; often referred to as his "gentle manifesto," it formed a basis for postmodernism and was then reinforced by Learning from Las Vegas.
In 1991, Robert Venturi was awarded the Pritzker Prize - something which has raised contention in recent years, as many believe that Denise Scott Brown deserved to share the award. In 2013, following Scott Brown's appearance at the AJ's Women in Architecture event, a petition was started demanding that the Pritzker rectify what many saw to be sexist treatment. In 2012, Robert Venturi officially retired due to old age and under the helm of Scott Brown, the firm is now known as VSBA.
In December 2015, The American Institute of Architects (AIA) announced Denise Scott Brown, hon. FAIA and Robert Venturi, FAIA, as joint winners of the 2016 AIA Gold Medal. The AIA cited the duo for their "built projects as well as literature that set the stage for Postmodernism and nearly every other formal evolution in architecture." Scott Brown and Venturi are the first ever pair to receive the Gold Medal, after the AIA approved a change to its bylaws in 2013 that allowed the award to be presented to up to two individuals working together.
Arch Daily, "Spotlight: Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown," Accessed May 17, 2017 http://www.archdaily.com/769194/spotlight-robert-venturi-and-denise-scott-brown
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