Materials & Techniques
Lithographs are created by drawing a design with a grease crayon onto a smooth piece of limestone. Chemicals are applied to the surface to secure the final image during printing. Water is applied to the stone followed by an oil-based ink that adheres to the artist's marks. The stone is then loaded into a press in order to transfer the ink onto paper. After the intended number of prints are made from a stone, its surface can be sanded smooth for reuse.
Emily Schiller, Visions of America exhibition gallery text, 2016.
Pressure + Ink: Introduction to Lithography
Watch the first of two videos created by the Museum of Modern Art to demonstrate the lithographic printmaking process.
Pressure + Ink: Lithography Process
Watch the second of two videos created by the Museum of Modern Art to demonstrate the lithographic printmaking process.
Lithography in the Nineteenth Century
Read Colta Ives's essay on the Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History (Metropolitan Museum of Art, October 2004).
Alchemy of Art: Lithography
Watch this explanation of the lithography process narrated by professors from the Printmaking Department at the University of South Carolina and presented by the Columbia Museum of Art.