Cultures & Traditions


Kali is perhaps the most terrifying of all the manifestations of the Great Goddess. Her name means “the Black (female) one.” In some myths she is actually the personified anger of Durga as the goddess attacks the buffalo demon. Kali haunts the cremation ground, which is usually situated on the outskirts of any settlement. This is also where non-caste populations, including tribal groups, live, indicating that her roots may be as a tribal deity. She is also an outsider and has no social relations which fit into conventional patterns. In many ways she is the true female equivalent of Shiva; both are found in the cremation ground, anti-social, and worshiped by people who seek great powers through the mastery of dangerous techniques.

Excerpt from

A. Levosky, DMA unpublished material, 2014.