Materials & Techniques
The weft yarns placed at the beginning of the weaving that are different from the rest of the textile. In Peruvian textiles they are usually distinguished by being thicker than the rest of the weft yarns or by being made up by multiple yarns.
Ann Rowe, “Glossary,” in Weaving and Dyeing in Highland Ecuador, edited by Ann Rowe, Laura Miller and Lynn Meisch (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2007): 289-295.
Ann Rowe, “Technical Glossary for Textiles,” in Andean Art at Dumbarton Oaks, edited by Elizabeth Hill Boone (Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1996): 467-469.