Materials & Techniques
Creamware is a cream colored English earthenware with a transparent lead glaze, that typically dates from the second half of the 18th century. It was originally developed by Staffordshire potters, who were experimenting to find a substitute for Chinese porcelain. Around 1750, they developed a fine white earthenware with a rich yellowish glaze and a light body, which made it desirable for domestic ware. Creamware served as the basis of Josiah Wedgwood's manufacturing success following its more widespread introduction in 1759. Queen Charlotte (1744-1818) herself ordered a set of this cream-colored earthenware, and Wedgwood was granted permission to call himself 'Potter to Her Majesty,' as well as refer to his innovative creamware as 'Queen's Ware.' At its inception, the cream color was considered a fault; as an improvement, Wedgwood introduced a white to bluish-white product called "pearlware" in 1779. It was produced for nearly a century. Creamware, however, continued to be made throughout the 19th century and later.
- Getty Vocabulary, AAT (creamware): AAT: 300163214).
- Wedgwood in the Collection of the R. W. Norton Art Gallery, (Shreveport: The Gallery), 1980, 75.