Materials & Techniques
Japanese metalsmiths used the lost-wax method to cast objects and also shaped metal by hammering. Surface patinations were produced by various methods, such as boiling the object in lye, then immersing it in various chemical baths. Metals traditionally used for objects include gold, silver, copper, and iron, which was treated to produce shades of black, gray, and russet. Bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, was also used extensively.
- Label text, Anne Bromberg, 2018.